Hockey is played on a variety of surface types but in the UK the preferred surface is an artificial turf.The pitches consist of a synthetic fibre carpet as the surface laid over a ( or bonded to ) a shock pad sub layer to absorb force. The shock pad/ elastic layer is laid /onto an engineered sub base.The binding / sealing payer may be impervious or pervious depending on the design.
Sand Filled Hockey Pitches
Sand filled pitches are made of woven carpet or tufted synthetic yarn between 19-25mm pile. This is supported by the addition of sand to get the maximum pile depth necessary.
Sand Dressed Pitches
Sand dressed hockey pitches are again made of a woven, tufted or knitted synthetic yarn of 16mm-20,, pile. This is partly supported by the addition of sand up to 80% of pile depth.
Water Based Hockey Pitches
Water-based Hockey pitches have a dense pile of a shorter length compared to dressed hockey pitches. With a water-based pitch it is important that they are kept wet continuously as the water is what acts as the wearing factor and effects the playability just like the sand on a filled or dressed pitch.